Dynamical analysis of wind turbine blades based on harmonic response

Qiong Wang1 , Xuejun Li2 , Kexiang Wei3 , Mian Jiang4

1, 2, 4Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Health Maintenance for Mechanical Equipment, Hunan University of Science and Technology, Xiangtan, 411201, China

1, 3Hunan Provincial Engineering Laboratory of Wind Power Operation, Maintenance and Testing, Hunan Institute of Engineering, Xiangtan, 411104, China

3Corresponding author

Journal of Vibroengineering, Vol. 21, Issue 5, 2019, p. 1251-1259. https://doi.org/10.21595/jve.2019.20203
Received 8 September 2018; received in revised form 12 February 2019; accepted 23 February 2019; published 15 August 2019

Copyright © 2019 Qiong Wang, et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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Abstract.

As the forces applied on the wind turbine blade are irregular, the deformation and concentrated stress of the blade may vary with the load and excitation. And the lamination of composite materials is critical to blade design, it directly affects the performance and power of wind power plants. In this paper, the response characteristics of the wind turbine blade is analyzed by the application of the harmonic response method under different ply angles. Through the simulation results, the performance of the actual blade is estimated, and the rationality of this design is judged. The results demonstrate that the blade displacement response amplitude is the minimum when ply angle is 45°. It is also found that the maximum displacement response occurs in the Y direction (i.e. parallel to the flow direction) by analyzing the displacement of each section in the blade, while the maximum stress is located at blade root.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords: wind turbine blade, harmonic response analysis, dynamic response, ply angle.

Acknowledgements

This work was partly supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11472103, 11572125 and 51775182) and Hunan Provincial Department of Education Research Project (Grant No. 17C0398).

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