Comparing the performance of suspension system of semi-trailer truck with two air suspension systems

Van Quynh Le

Faculty of Automotive and Power Machinery Engineering, Thai Nguyen University of Technology,
Thai Nguyen, Vietnam


Received 21 September 2017; accepted 1 October 2017



Abstract. In order to compare the performance of heavy truck suspension system, a 3D dynamic model with 14 degrees of freedom is developed with the dynamic models of the traditional and new air suspension systems to compare the performance of the air suspension systems for reducing the negative impacts on the road surface when vehicle moves on the different road conditions. Dynamic modes of two different types of the air suspension systems are respectively established and a dynamic load coefficient (DLC) is chosen as objective function which uses Matlab/Simulink software to simulate and determine the values of objective function. The results shown that the performance of the new air suspension system is better than the tradition air suspension for reducing the negative impact on road surface under the different operating conditions of vehicle. Especially, the DLC values of wheels at 3rd axle of vehicle with the new air suspension system are respectively reduced by 6.7 %, 7.0 %, 7.4 %, 7.7 % and 8.5 % in comparison with the traditional air suspension system when vehicle moves on the different pavement conditions a velocity of 20 m/s and fully loaded. In addition, the study results not only can provide a reference for designers but also traffic management to reduce the negative impact on road surface.

Keywords: heavy truck, air suspension, dynamic model, dynamic load coefficient.


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Cite this article

Le Van Quynh Comparing the performance of suspension system of semi‑trailer truck with two air suspension systems. Vibroengineering PROCEDIA, Vol. 14, 2017, p. 220‑226.


JVE International Ltd. Vibroengineering PROCEDIA. Oct 2017, Vol. 14. ISSN 2345-0533