An optical fiber measurement system design on tool radial vibration

Jia Binghui1, Feng Yong2

School of Mechanical Engineering, Nanjing Institute of Technology, Nanjing, 211167, China

1Corresponding author


Received 10 September 2017; accepted 19 September 2017



Abstract. The effects of tool radial vibration bring not only poor surface quality, inferior dimensional accuracy, but also disproportionate tool wear or tool breakage and excessive noise. Therefore, online measurement and monitoring of tool vibration are necessary. In order to monitor the tool vibration, an optical fiber measurement system was design in this pater. Firstly, the structure and basic principle of the optical fiber sensor was given; secondly, the light intensity to voltage converter circuit was introduced; then, an experiment platform was built for verify the feasibility of the optical measuring system, and the result shows that the radial vibration of a smooth 10 mm diameter shaft can be measured quickly.

Keywords: tool radial vibration, optical fiber sensor, measurement system.


[1]        Siddhpura M., Paurobally R. A review of chatter vibration research in turning. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 2012, p. 27‑47.

[2]        Muhammad Bashir Bala, Wan Min, Feng Jia, Zhang Wei Hong Dynamic damping of machining vibration: a review. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 89, Issues 9‑12, 2017, p. 2935‑2952.

[3]        Li Jingwei Discussion of vibrating tool phenomenon during deep-hole processing. Coal Technology, Vol. 27, Issue 6, 2008, p. 19‑21.

[4]        Tangjitsitcharoen S., Pongsathornwiwat N. Development of chatter detection in milling processes. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 65, Issue 5, 2013, p. 919‑927.

[5]        Uquillas D. A. R., Hsiao T. Wireless tool holder sensor design for cutting force measurement applied to chatter detection. IEEE Region 10 Conference (TENCON), Singapore, 2016, p. 1845‑1848.

[6]        Dimla D. E. Sensors signals for tool-wear monitoring in metal cutting operations a review of methods. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Vol. 40, 2000, p. 1073‑1098.

[7]        Xiaoli Li Development of current sensor for cutting force measurement in turning. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. 54, Issue 1, 2005, p. 289‑296.

[8]        Chelladurai H., Jain V. K., Vyas N. S. Development of a cutting tool condition monitoring system for high speed turning operation by vibration and strain analysis. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 37, 2008, p. 471‑485.

[9]        Corres M., Goicoechea J. R. Vibration detection using optical fiber sensors. Journal of Sensors, 2010,

[10]     Prokopczuk K., Rozwadowski K., Starzynska M. D., et al. Optical fiber sensor for membrane submicrometer vibration measurement. Applied Optics, Vol. 53, Issue 26, 2014, p. 6051‑6057.

[11]     Wang et al. Y. Optical fiber vibration sensor using chaotic laser. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Vol. 29, Issue 16, 2017, p. 1336‑1339.

[12]     Garcia I., Zubia J., Durana G., et al. Optical fiber sensors for aircraft structural health monitoring. Sensors, Vol. 15, Issue 7, 2015, p. 15494‑15519.

[13]     Jia Binghui, He Lei An optical fiber measurement system for blade tip clearance of engine. International Journal of Aerospace Engineering, 2017,

[14]     Jia Binghui, He Lei, Yan Guodong, Feng Yong A differential reflective intensity optical fiber angular displacement sensor. Sensors, Vol. 16, Issue 9, 2016, p. 1508.

Cite this article

Binghui Jia, Yong Feng An optical fiber measurement system design on tool radial vibration. Vibroengineering PROCEDIA, Vol. 14, 2017, p. 18‑22.


JVE International Ltd. Vibroengineering PROCEDIA. Oct 2017, Vol. 14. ISSN 2345-0533