102. The preparation of titanium carbide thin film of Ti6Al4V at low temperature and study of friction and wear properties

Xiang Liu1, Liguo Liu2, Baoyong Sun3, Bingyue Li4, Xuefeng Ke5

Mechanical Engineering College of Jiangnan University,
Binhu Zone, Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province, 214122, P. R. China

1Corresponding author

E-mail: 11063991141@qq.com, 2liuliguo@jiangnan.edu.cn, 3805336226@qq.com, 41264900907@qq.com, 51304047584@qq.com

Received 13 August 2016; accepted 17 August 2016

DOI https://doi.org/10.21595/jme.2016.17563

Abstract. In this article, the technology of salt bath carburizing at low temperature (640 C) is used to prepare the titanium carbide thin film on Ti6Al4V alloy surface. The processed alloy sample surface phase and elements are observed by XRD and EDAX. The hardness of sample surface and permeability layer are measured by the MH-3 type microhardness meter. And the friction and wear contrast tests of the uncarburized and carburized samples are carried out using the M2000 friction and wear testing machine. The results show that: high hard phase carbide Ti8C5 is generated on the sample surface. The processed sample surface hardness is 953.28HV, which is 2.57 times of the original; The friction and wear properties of the carburized sample improve significantly; At 100 N, the uncarburzed wearing loss is 29 times of the carburized wearing loss, and at 300 N, the friction coefficient is reduced by 55.9 %.

Keywords: Ti6Al4V, salt bath carburizing, Ti8C5, friction and wear.


[1]        Zhang Gaohui, Zhang Pingze, Cui Caie, Guo Lina, Pan Junde, Xu Zhong Status and prospect of surface treatment for titanium alloys. World Sci-tech R&D, Vol. 4, 2003, p. 62‑67.

[2]        Chen Fei, Zhou Hai, Zhahg Yue‑Fei, Tang Bin, Pan Jun‑de Friction and wear behavior of non‑hydrogen carburizing layer on titanium alloy surface prepared by arc-added glow discharge plasma. Tribology, Vol. 2, 2005, p. 121‑125.

[3]        Guo Hua-feng, Sun Tao, Li Ju-li, Yang Hai-feng Microstructure and performance of Ni-based WC coatings prepared by plasma spraying on TC4 titanium alloy surface. China Surface Engineering, Vol. 2, 2013, p. 21‑28.

[4]        Gurrappa I. Characterization of titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V for chemical, marine and industrial applications. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 51, Issues 2‑3, 2003, p. 131‑139.

[5]        Wei Chao, Luo Yong, Qiang Ying-hai, Ge Chang-lu Carburizing technology and wear resistance of titanium alloy. Materials for Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 1, 2008, p. 34‑36.

[6]        Marin E., Offoiach R., Regis M., Fusi S., Lanzutti A., Fedrizzi L. Diffusive thermal treatments combined with PVD coatings for tribological protection of titanium alloys. Materials and Design, Vol. 89, 2016, p. 314‑322.

[7]        Li Jun, Yu Zhishui, Wang Huiping, Li Manping Microstructural characterization of titanium matrix composite coatings reinforced by in situ synthesized TiB + TiC fabricated on Ti6Al4V by laser cladding. Rare Metals, Vol. 5, 2010, p. 465‑472.

[8]        Zhang Wen-guang, Wang Cheng-tao, Liu Wei-min Tribological behavior of surface‑modified layers on Ti alloy. Tribology, Vol. 2, 2003, p. 91‑94.

[9]        Jin Hong Research status of biomedical titanium alloys and its surface modification. Rare Metals, Vol. 6, 2003, p. 794‑798.

[10]     Ananth M. Prem, R. Ramesh Reciprocating sliding wear performance of hard coating on modified titanium alloy surfaces. Tribology Transactions, Vol. 581, 2015, p. 169‑176.

[11]     Ji Shouchang, Li Zhengxian, Du Jihong, Wang Shaopeng, Wang Baoyun, Huang Chunliang, Pan Xiaolong Analysis of hydrogen-free carburized coating on Ti6Al4V substrate. Rare Metal Materials and Engineering, Vol. 12, 2010, p. 2152‑2156.

[12]     Li Feng, Wang Anmin, Wang Chengtao Tribological behavior of articular cartilage against medical stainless steel. Tribology, Vol. 1, 2016, p. 42‑47.

[13]     Yoshikiyo Tamai, Toru Inazumi, Ken-ichi Manabe FE forming analysis with nonlinear friction coefficient model considering contact pressure, sliding velocity and sliding length. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 227, 2016, p. 161‑168.

Cite this article

Liu Xiang, Liu Liguo, Sun Baoyong, Li Bingyue, Ke Xuefeng The preparation of titanium carbide thin film of Ti6Al4V at low temperature and study of friction and wear properties. Journal of Measurements in Engineering, Vol. 4, Issue 3, 2016, p. 167‑172.


Journal of Measurements in Engineering. September 2016, Volume 4, Issue 3

JVE International Ltd. ISSN Print 2335-2124, ISSN Online 2424-4635, Kaunas, Lithuania